Photo by Milad Fakurian on Unsplash

Intent-calibrated Self-training for Answer Selection in Open-domain Dialogues

Authors: Wentao DengJiahuan PeiZhaochun RenZhumin ChenPengjie Ren

Answer selection in open-domain dialogues aims to select an accurate answer from candidates. Recent success of answer selection models hinges on training with large amounts of labeled data.

However, collecting large-scale labeled data is labor-intensive and time-consuming. In this paper, we introduce the predicted intent labels to calibrate answer labels in a self-training paradigm.

Specifically, we propose the intent-calibrated self-training (ICAST) to improve the quality of pseudo answer labels through the intent-calibrated answer selection paradigm, in which we employ pseudo intent labels to help improve pseudo answer labels.

We carry out extensive experiments on two benchmark datasets with open-domain dialogues. The experimental results show that ICAST outperforms baselines consistently with 1%, 5% and 10% labeled data.

Specifically, it improves 2.06% and 1.00% of F1 score on the two datasets, compared with the strongest baseline with only 5% labeled data.

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